The character "sho" in New Year's Day has the meaning of "beginning" of the year and "changing" the year. In the past, the whole month of January was known as "New Year's Day" and was known as the "Month of Correction."
From the beginning of the New Year, I spent half a month cleaning and tidying up my wife's home, preparing decorations, a place for the Toshigami, and offerings. It is also an important day for families to welcome and celebrate the new Toshigami.
◆New Year decorations◆
▼Click here to see New Year's decorations - Hama-yumi
Be sure to include decorations that pray for healthy growth in your daily life.
Hagoita is a ``talisman'' that prays for a child's good health and healthy growth, and is displayed during the first New Year's Day when a newborn baby welcomes it.
The history of hagoita is said to have started in the Muromachi period, when women would play with each other to celebrate the New Year in the imperial court.
Hanetsuki, which is performed at the beginning of the year, was not just a game, but also had the meaning of ``warding off evil spirits'' and ``warding off evil spirits.'' It is said that the sound made when wearing feathers and the ink that is painted on your face when you drop a feather are said to be hated by demons. I pray that you will recover from your illness and stay healthy."
Gradually, in the imperial court, the battledore used to hold feathers became a lucky charm and decoration given to women to ward off evil spirits and ward off bad luck .
It is believed that all disasters such as starvation and illnesses that occur at the turning points of the year are caused by "evil spirits" (demons), and rituals to exorcise such evil spirits and decorations as lucky charms are held. It was considered very important.
In addition, in the original hagoita, the beads on the tip of the feathers are made from the seeds of a tree called ``Muhiko''. It also has the meaning of "kids won't get sick", and the shape of the wings is likened to that of a dragonfly, and since dragonflies are beneficial insects that eat mosquitoes (mosquitoes carry epidemics), they are worn on New Year's Day. It was believed that mosquitoes would not eat you even in summer.
In this way, hagoita is recognized as a ``talisman'' that prays for a child's good health and healthy growth, and is displayed as a gift for a newborn baby's first New Year's Day.
◆With the changing times◆
In recent years, with the trend towards nuclear families and changes in lifestyles, an increasing number of parents are thinking flexibly and not being too particular about traditions.
In some cases, both families share money, in other cases the man provides the money, and in other cases, the man himself provides the money to purchase the item without relying on his parents.
In Japanese customs, ``New Year's events'' are set on December 13th every year as the day when people begin preparations to welcome the New Year's deity. We begin preparations for the New Year, including putting up New Year decorations.
It is common to display them for about a month until Koshogatsu on January 15th.
◆Hagoita to display with Hina dolls◆
There is no particular age limit for displaying hagoita.
In the past, it was displayed as a ``talisman to protect children until they grow up,'' so it was common to display them until the age of 15, when the ``Genpuku'' ceremony, which is equivalent to the modern-day ``Coming-of-Age Ceremony,'' was held.
Even in modern times, some families display their clothes until they reach the age of 15, when they celebrate their coming of age ceremony, and some families display their clothes until they reach the age of 18, when they celebrate their coming-of-age ceremony. Other than that, some families consider milestones in school life or events such as Shichi-Go-San.
There is no set period for how long it will last, so many people continue to display it even after they become adults or get married, considering it to be a talisman for a person's growth, and it can also be used as a lucky charm or seasonal decoration.
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